Laryngopharyngeal Reflux

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR)

What is Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR)?

LPR is a medical condition where stomach contents (acidic) have travelled from the stomach back up to the food pipe (esophagus) and to the level of the voice box (larynx). Common symptoms of reflux include:

  • Feeling of something stuck in the throat (Globus sensation)
  • Choking sensation in the throat
  • Itchy throat and frequent throat clearing
  • Hoarse or rough voice
  • Sorethroat or throat discomfort
  • Cough
  • Sour or bitter taste in the mouth (usually worse in the morning)
  • Phlegm in the throat


Diagnosis of LPR is usually made based on a combination of suggestive clinical history and findings from nasoendoscopy (Figure 1a-c). The treatment of LPR involves a combination of lifestyle modifications and the use of acid suppressant medications.

When Should You See an ENT Specialist in Singapore?

  • Any ear, nose or throat symptoms that you are troubled with or concerned about
  • Persistent blocked nose with mouth breathing or snoring

Dr Gan provides a comprehensive management in a broad array of Ear, Nose and Throat as well as Head & Neck conditions. He has a special interest in treating various nose and sinus conditions including snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA)

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